Work Engagement as a Measure of Wellness in Pediatric Hospital Medicine

Elise P. Lu, Kathryn Leyens, Tony Tarchichi, Sylvia Choi, Sara McIntire, Andrew McCormick


Background: Literature on wellness in pediatrics is limited and there are no published data specific to pediatric hospital medicine (PHM). Existing literature on wellness focuses largely on physician burnout, but wellness also includes positive traits like work engagement. We sought to assess work engagement and burnout in pediatric hospitalists nationwide.

Methods: The study utilized a survey including demographic data, the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES-17), and the Mini-Z burnout measure. The survey recruited participants via the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Hospital Medicine Listserv.

Results: Totally, 432 of 3,085 (14%) respondents completed the survey with mean total UWES score of 4.36 and 36% reported burnout. As expected, higher work engagement scores correlated with decreased rates of burnout (P < 0.0005). Interestingly, work engagement varied by gender and career stage, with lowest scores found in women in early to mid-career (P < 0.05).

Conclusions: In this study we evaluated the wellness of pediatric hospitalists, a group that has not been previously studied, using a combination of burnout and work engagement measures which, while validated, had not been previously used to evaluate physician wellness. This study suggests that wellness interventions could be most effective if targeting women in early to mid-career. Further study is needed to determine causes of decreased work engagement and consider appropriate interventions.

Int J Clin Pediatr. 2020;9(4):105-109


Wellness; Pediatric hospital medicine; Burnout

Full Text: HTML PDF Suppl1

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics

World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology

Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity

Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research

Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics






International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics, quarterly, ISSN 1927-1255 (print), 1927-1263 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (
COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website:   editorial contact:
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.