Evaluation of Echocardiography as a Marker of Cardiovascular Risk in Obese Children and Adolescents

Simone Helena Caixe, Augusto Cesar Garcia Saab Benedeti, Jorge Garcia, Wellington de Paula Martins, Francisco Mauad Filho, Luiz Antonio Del Ciampo, Carlos Alberto Nogueira-de-Almeida

Abstract


Background: Childhood obesity is a global epidemic and its prevalence has increased from the early 1970s to the 1990s. The objective of the study was to compare the echocardiographic parameters of left ventricular (LV) geometry between obese and non-obese children.

Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study with 71 individuals aged 7 - 11 years, from Ribeirao Preto metropolitan region, was conducted. Personal data (sex and date of birth) were obtained for each subject, as well as anthropometric measurements (weight, height and abdominal circumference), arterial pressure and an echocardiogram. The individuals were classified according to their nutritional status in “obese” and “non-obese” groups.

Results: There was no difference in gender (P = 0.81), with 48.6% boys in obese group and 52.9% in non-obese group. Similarly, there was no difference in age (P = 0.72), with a mean of 106.97 ± 19.59 months in obese group and a mean of 105.50 ± 13.61 months in non-obese group. Systolic and diastolic pressure values were higher in obese group. The study showed LV mass, LV 3 index, systolic arterial pressure and diastolic arterial pressure when the two groups were compared. LV 1 index, LV 2 index and relative LV wall thickness did not differ between groups.

Conclusion: The study contributes to demonstrate the importance of transthoracic echocardiography as a marker of cardiovascular risk in obese children and adolescents.




Int J Clin Pediatr. 2014;3(3):72-78
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/ijcp164w


Keywords


Obesity; Child obesity; Echocardiography; Left ventricular hypertrophy

Full Text: HTML PDF
 

Browse  Journals  

     

Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics

World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology

Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity

Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research

Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics

 

 

 

 

 

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics, quarterly, ISSN 1927-1255 (print), 1927-1263 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
CC-BY-NC 4.0)


This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (
COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.theijcp.org   editorial contact: editor@theijcp.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.